JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

H (Human Geosciences) » H-GM Geomorphology

[H-GM04] [JJ] Geomorphology

Mon. May 22, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 105 (International Conference Hall 1F)

convener:Hiroshi Shimazu(Department of Geography, Faculty of Geo-Environmental Science, Rissho University), Masayuki Seto(Fukushima Future Center for Regional Revitalization, Fukushima University), Chairperson:Hiroshi Shimazu(Department of Geography, Faculty of Geo-Environmental Science, Rissho University)

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[HGM04-07] Effect of shallow landslides on migration of channel heads: Case studies in Hiroshima City and Hofu City, western Japan

*Tsuyoshi Hattanji1, Ryuya Kodama2, Daichi Takahashi2, Shoji Doshida3, Yasushi Tanaka4, Takahisa Furuichi5 (1.Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 2.College of Geoscience, University of Tsukuba, 3.National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster, 4.Faculty of Letters Komazawa University, 5.Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:hillslope, head hollow, micro-landforms, spring

The temporal variation in channel-head location due to heavy rainfall was examined with topographic analysis using 1-m grid DEMs and field survey in granitic mountains in Hiroshima City and Hofu City where debris-flow disaster occurred during a recent decade. For both cases, the total number of channel heads increased after the heavy rainfall events, and post-event (new) channel heads formed by the heavy rainfall were located upslope from pre-event channel heads. Although pre-event channel heads had no significant correlations between source area and local slope for both areas, post-event channel heads with shallow landslides induced by the heavy rainfall had strong inverse correlations between them. Subsurface flow controlled by topographic convergence would cause the strong inverse correlations for both sites. Most pre-event channel heads were located close to springs fed by groundwater flow, and old landslide scars were confirmed headward slope of the springs. Downstream channels of the springs would be maintained by erosion of stream flow, although old channels would be buried by debris.