JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

H (Human Geosciences) » H-TT Technology & Techniques

[H-TT22] [EE] Non destructive techniques applied to stone cultural heritages

Mon. May 22, 2017 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 105 (International Conference Hall 1F)

convener:Chiaki T. Oguchi(Institute for Environmental Science and Technology, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University), Celine Elise Thomachot-Schneider(GEGENAA (Groupe d etude des geomateriaux et environnements naturels, anthropiques et arch?ologiques), EA3795, University or Reims (France)), Patricia V?zquez(GEGENAA - Universit? Reims-Champagne-Ardenne), Hisashi Aoki(Tokyo Gakugei University), Chairperson:Patricia Vázquez(GEGENAA - Université Reims-Champagne-Ardenne), Chairperson:Céline Schneider(GEGENAA), Chairperson:Hisashi AOKI(Tokyo Gakugei University), Chairperson:Chiaki Oguchi(Institute for Environmental Science and Technology, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University)

4:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[HTT22-05] Application of repeated impacts method of the Schmidt hammer test to coastal cliff surface at Shimane, Japan: evaluation of the degree of weathering

★Invited papers

*Tetsuya Kogure1, Kazutaka Tanaka2, Hiroto Ohira1, Yutaro Naka1, Ryoichi Tsukamoto1 (1.Department of Geoscience, Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Shimane University, 2.Department of Geoscience, Interdisciplinary Faculty of Science and Engineering, Shimane University)

Keywords:Schmidt hammer test, tafoni, rockfall, salt weathering

The processes by which two types of cliff surface develop have been discussed in order to shed light on the mechanism of rockfalls on the Isotake coast of Shimane, Japan. We found that the cause, which differentiates the two types of surface topography, is salt weathering due to the precipitation of calcareous sinter, leading to the development of tafoni formed by small-scale fragmentation of cliff materials. The weathered surface is frequently removed by salt weathering in the tafoni, keeping the surface fresher. This is reflected in the results of the Schmidt hammer rebound test, which clearly distinguish two types of weathered surfaces, with higher rebound values at the surface of the tafoni than at the surface of cliffs without tafoni. Continuous fragmentation of the pyroclastic rock due to the salt weathering by calcareous sinter causes the recession of the coastal cliff, but this fragmentation also keeps the cliff surface relatively intact, preventing rockfall disasters. The analysis of the results of the Schmidt hammer test in this study can be applied to any kind of rock surface, because the condition of the weathered surface was extremely fragile. Data from different kinds of rock with differing degrees of weathering will improve this method and future estimates of the characteristics of weathering determined via the Schmidt hammer test.