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[MAG34-05] Model inter-comparison of atmospheric Cs-137 from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident
Keywords:Model inter-comparison, Cs-137, Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident
Tsuruta et al. (2014) identified 9 plumes (P1 – P9) which passed over Tohoku and/or Kanto regions. P1, P5 and P6 passed through the northern coastal area of Fukushima prefecture to the Pacific Ocean from FDAPP in the night of March 13, morning of 18th and afternoon of 19th, respectively. P2, P4, P7 and P9 reached Kanto region in the morning of 15th, morning of 16th, afternoon of 20th and morning of 21st, respectively. P3 and P8 widely spread over Fukushima prefecture in the afternoon of 15th and night of 20th, respectively.
On average, performance of the models was the best for P2 with FA2 (fraction of simulated data that reproduced the observations within a factor of 2) of 10% ~ 40%. Model performance for P1, P3 and P8 was moderate with FA2 of 0%~10%. The models generally reproduced the observed 137Cs concentrations in plumes which widely spread inland of Tohoku or Kanto regions (P2, P3, and P8). By contrast, the models largely underestimated the observed 137Cs concentrations for P4, P5, and P6, which passed coastal areas of Japan.
Ensemble average of seven models showed reasonable performance for most of plumes, and no individual models reproduced better that the ensemble average for all the plumes. These results suggest that ensemble average is effective for reliable and stable simulation of radioactive plumes.
Science Council of Japan, September 2, 2014.
Tsuruta et al., Scientific Reports, 4:6717, 2014.
Fig. (top) Observed and simulated average concentrations of 137Cs in nine radioactive plumes ([Observed-137Cs] ≥ 10 Bq m-3). (bottom) Fraction of simulated data that reproduced the observations within a factor of 2, 5, and 10 (FA2, FA5, FA10, respectively).