2:30 PM - 2:45 PM
[MAG34-16] Transport of Fukushima-derived radiocesium into the coastal ocean via submarine groundwater discharge: an approach from geochemical character of pore water
Keywords:Fukushima-derived radiocesium, Submarine Groundwater discharge, Pore water, Matsukawa-ura Lagoon
The measured 137Cs activity in pore water samples and the overlying water were 1,398 mBq/L and 117.7 mBq/L, respectively. This indicates that a significant amount of Cs in sediment has been desorbed into pore water. The 137Cs flux between the sediment and overlying water was calculated to be 11.3 mBq/cm2/h, using Fick’s First Law of diffusion. Moreover, the 137Cs flux from the bottom to overlying water of the lagoon was estimated to be 0.08 GBq/day based on the weighted average of 137Cs activity in bottom sediment of the lagoon and the Kd value between the sediment and the pore water. This value accounts of the majority of 137Cs which supplies the lagoon. Thus, it can be expected that large quantities of Cs have been supplying the coastal area by pore water exchange, that is to say, recycled SGD (RSGD). In the coastal area and the open ocean, it is suggested that SGD is vitally important as a source of Cs to assess it.