JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-GI General Geosciences, Information Geosciences & Simulations

[M-GI32] [JJ] Development of computational sciences on planetary formation, evolution and surface environment

Mon. May 22, 2017 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Yoshi-Yuki Hayashi(Department of Planetology/CPS, Graduate School of Science, Kobe University), Masaki Ogawa(Division of General Systems Studies, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Tokyo), Shigeru Ida(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Kanya Kusano(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University)

[MGI32-P03] Effects of radial distribution of thermal diffusivity on critical modes of anelasticthermal convection in rotating spherical shells

*Youhei SASAKI1, Shin-ichi Takehiro3, Masaki Ishiwatari2, Michio Yamada3 (1.Department of Mathematics, Kyoto University, 2.Department of Cosmosciences, Graduate school of Science, Hokkaido University, 3.Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kyoto University)

Keywords:Critical convection, Anelastic fluid, Jovian planets

Linear stability analysis of anelasitc thermal convection in a rotating spherical shell with thermal diffusivities varying in the radial direction is performed. The structures of critical convection are obtained in the cases of four different radial distributions of thermal diffusivity; (1) κ is constant, (2) κT0 is constant, (3) κρ0 is constant, and (4) κρ0T0 is constant, where κ is the thermal diffusivity, T0 is the temperature of basic state, and ρ0 is the density of basic state, respectively. The ratio of inner and outer radii, the Prandtl number, the polytrope index, and the density ratio are 0.35, 1, 2, and 5, respectively. The value of the Ekman number is 10-3 or 10-5 . In the case of (1), where the setup is same as that of the anelastic dynamo benchmark (Jones et al., 2011), the structure of critical convection is concentrated near the outer boundary of the spherical shell around the equator. However, in the cases of (2), (3) and (4), the convection columns attach the inner boundary of the spherical shell.

A rapidly rotating annuls model for anelastic systems is developed by assuming that convection structure is uniform in the axial direction taking into account the strong effect of Coriolis force. The annulus model well explains the characteristics of critical convection obtained numerically, such as critical azimuthal wavenumber, frequency, Rayleigh number, and the cylindrically radial location of convection coulumns.

The radial distribution of thermal diffusivity is important for convection structure, because it determines the distribution of radial basic entropy gradient which is crucial for location of convection columns.