9:15 AM - 9:30 AM
[MIS03-02] Northern Eurasia Future Initiative (NEFI): Nine Science Foci of Research
Keywords:Northern Eurasia, environmental change, Societal adaptations and actions to mitigate the negative consequences of the environmental change and to benefit from the positive consequences, NEFI Science Plan
♦ Global change, particularly the warming of the Arctic;
♦ Increasing frequency and intensity of extremes (e.g., intense rains, floods, droughts, wildfires) and changes in the spatial and temporal distributions of inclement weather conditions (e.g., heavy wet snowfalls, freezing rains, untimely thaws and peak streamflows);
♦ Retreat of the cryosphere (snow cover, sea ice, glaciers, and permafrost);
♦ Changes in the terrestrial water cycle (quantity and quality of water supply available for societal needs);
♦ Changes in the biosphere (e.g., ecosystem shifts, changes in the carbon cycle, phenology, land-cover degradation and dust storms);
♦ Pressures on agriculture and pastoral production (growing supply and demand, changes in land use, water available for irrigation, and food-energy-water security);
♦ Changes in infrastructure (roads, new routes, construction codes, coping with permafrost thawing, air, water, and soil pollution, and strategic planning);
♦ Societal adaptations and actions to mitigate the negative consequences of the environmental change and to benefit from the positive consequences; and
♦ Quantification of the role of Northern Eurasia in the global Earth and socioeconomic systems to advance research tools with an emphasis on observations and models.
This presentation will briefly describe these foci and justify our selections. Socio-economic research challenges are the top priority for several of these foci. These challenges have not been overlooked in the past but have not been addressed satisfactorily NEESPI domain-wide, nor indeed globally. The introduction of the Future Earth research objectives is a response to this gap and the NEFI is designed to contribute regionally to the objectives.