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[MIS09-02] Efficient radiocarbon dating method for precise age estimation of tsunami deposit
Keywords:tsunami deposit, radiocarbon dating
To solve this problem, some statistical method based on a series of large number of 14C measurement has been used for constraining the dating results. For example, sequentially measured 14C age can be wiggle-matched to the gradient of the calibration curve, and thus calendar age is estimated precisely. Alternatively, adopting a Bayesian approach is another way to constrain the sequentially measured 14C age by their stratigraphic order. However, these methods need large number of 14C measurements, and it is costly. In case of tsunami sedimentology, precise dating should be conducted at wide area to estimate the size and recurrence interval of tsunami, so it is important to discuss minimum required measurement number to securely obtain high precision calendar age.
In this study, we present the efficient measurement method of 14C age for precise age estimation of tsunami deposit. Based on the correlation with the calibration curve, required sampling positions and their priorities for measurement, and measurement number of 14C age are discussed. Using this method, precise dating of tsunami deposit can be conducted with high cost-effectiveness, and thus it can be contribute to hazard assessment of tsunami.