JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS10] [EJ] Global climate change driven by the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic Ice Sheet

Wed. May 24, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A08 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Kay I.Ohshima(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University), Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Kenji Kawamura(National Institute of Polar Research, Research Organization of Information and Systems), Chairperson:Kenji Kawamura(National Institute of Polar Research, Research Organization of Information and Systems)

9:15 AM - 9:30 AM

[MIS10-02] Climate dependent contrast in surface mass balance in East Antarctica over the past 216 ka

★Invited papers

*Shuji Fujita1,2, Frédéric Parrenin Parrenin3,4, Ayako Abe-Ouchi5,6, Kenji Kawamura1,2, V. MASSON-DELMOTTE7, Hideaki Motoyama1,2, Fuyuki Saito SAITO6, M. Fujita SEVERI8, B. STENNI9, Ryu Uemura10, E. W. Wolff11 (1.National Institute of Polar Research, Research Organization of Information and Systems(ROIS), 2.Department of Polar Science, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI), 3.CNRS, LGGE, F-38041 Grenoble, France, 4.University Grenoble Alpes, LGGE, F-38041 Grenoble, France, 5.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute (AORI), University of Tokyo, Chiba, Japan, 6.Japan Agency for Marine–Earth Science and Technology, Yokohama, Japan, 7.Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement, Institut Pierre Simon Laplace, UMR CEA-CNRS-UVSQ-UPS 8212, Gif-sur-Yvette, France, 8.Department of Chemistry, University of Florence, Florence, Italy, 9.Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and Statistics, Ca’ Foscari University Venice, 30123 Venice, Italy, 10.Department Chemistry, Biology and Marine Science, Faculty of Science, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan, 11.Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge, UK)

Keywords:Antarctica, precipitation, ice core

Documenting past changes in the East Antarctic surface mass balance is important to improve ice core chronologies and to constrain the ice-sheet contribution to global mean sea-level change. Here we reconstruct past changes in the ratio of surface mass balance (SMB ratio) between the EPICA Dome C (EDC) and Dome Fuji (DF) East Antarctica ice core sites, based on a precise volcanic synchronization of the two ice cores and on corrections for the vertical thinning of layers. During the past 216 000 a, this SMB ratio, denoted SMBEDC/SMBDF, varied between 0.7 and 1.1, being small during cold periods and large during warm periods. Our results therefore reveal larger amplitudes of changes in SMB at EDC compared with DF, consistent with previous results showing larger amplitudes of changes in water stable isotopes and estimated surface temperature at EDC compared with DF. Within the last glacial inception (Marine Isotope Stages, MIS-5c and MIS-5d), the SMB ratio deviates by up to 0.2 from what is expected based on differences in water stable isotope records. Moreover, the SMB ratio is constant throughout the late parts of the current and last interglacial periods, despite contrasting isotopic trends.