JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS10] [EJ] Global climate change driven by the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic Ice Sheet

Wed. May 24, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A08 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Kay I.Ohshima(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University), Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Kenji Kawamura(National Institute of Polar Research, Research Organization of Information and Systems), Chairperson:Kenji Kawamura(National Institute of Polar Research, Research Organization of Information and Systems)

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[MIS10-05] Sea ice expansion in Antarctic warming events in the glacial Southern Ocean

*Minoru Ikehara1, Kota Katsuki2, Masako Yamane3, Yusuke Yokoyama3 (1.Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University, 2.Research Center for Coastal Lagoon Environments, Shimane University, 3.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Southern Ocean, sea-ice, Antarctic warming events, Heinrich Event

The Southern Ocean has played an important role in the evolution of the global climate system. Area of sea ice shows a large seasonal variation in the Southern Ocean. Sea ice coverage on sea surface strongly affects the climate of the Southern Hemisphere through its impacts on the energy and gas budget, on the atmospheric circulation, on the hydrological cycle, and on the biological productivity. However, millennial-scale sea ice coverage and its impacts are not well understood. Here we show high-resolution records of sea ice-rafted debris (SIRD) and diatom assemblage to reveal a rapid change of sea ice distribution in the glacial Southern Ocean. The depositions of rock-fragment SIRD excluding volcanic glass and pumice were associated with increasing of sea-ice diatoms, suggesting that the millennial-scale events of cooling and sea-ice expansion were occurred in the glacial South Indian Ocean. The extent of sea ice in the Southern Ocean is occurred during the Antarctic isotope maximum (AIM) events, which is partly linked with the Heinrich Events in the Northern Hemisphere.