JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EJ] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS10] [EJ] Global climate change driven by the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic Ice Sheet

Wed. May 24, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Kay I.Ohshima(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University), Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Kenji Kawamura(National Institute of Polar Research, Research Organization of Information and Systems)

[MIS10-P03] Paleo-environmental changes at coastal lakes along the Soya Coast, East Antarctica during the Holocene

*IJIN KANG1, Kaoru Kashima2, Koji Seto3, Yukinori Tani4, Takahiro Watanabe5, Toshio Nakamura6, Satoshi Imura7, Genki I. Matsumoto8 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Sciences, Kyushu University, 2.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, 3.Research Center for Coastal Lagoon Environments, Shimane University, 4.Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Shizuoka, 5.Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 6.Center for Chronological Research, Nagoya University, 7.National Institute of Polar Research, 8.School of Social Information Studies, Otsuma Women’s University)

Keywords:Antarctica, Paleoenvironment, Lake sediment, Diatom assemblage

The East Antarctic Ice Sheet (EAIS) is the largest glacial system on Earth, and documenting its changes is important to understand and estimate its future behavior. Antarctic coastal lakes are invaluable archives of paleo-climate and paleo-environment changes caused by the retreat of Antarctic Ice Sheet. In Soya Kaigan (Coast) of Lutzow-Holm Bay region, many coastal lakes are located in ice-free areas. This study discussed the environmental change inferred from microscopic observation of fossil diatom assemblages in a sediment cores from coastal freshwater lakes, Lake Oyako-ike, Lake Maruwanminami-ike and Lake Maruwan-Oike, in Soya Coast along with biomarkers and microscopic observation of microalgae and cyanobacteria, sedimentary facies and AMS 14C dating.
Three lakes are considered as marine relict lakes resulted from the recession of glaciers and subsequent isostatic uplift. The Ok4C-01 core (length 135 cm) from Lake Oyako-ike was divided in 4 zones according to the diatom assemblage changes. This lake has changed from costal marine to freshwater lake at ca. 1100 cal yr BP (core depth 60 cm). The MwS4C-01 core (length 147 cm) from Lake Maruwanminami-ike was also divided in 4 zones. The transition timing from marine to freshwater lake was ca. 2400 cal yr BP (core depth 65 cm). The Mw4C-01 core (length 226 cm) from Lake Maruwan-Oike was divided in 4 zones as well. This lake has changed at ca. 2800 cal yr BP (core depth 22 cm). Diatom assemblage changes in these sediment cores show similar pattern with other analyses results such as sediment facies and elemental analyses (TC, TS, TN contents).
Diatom assemblages in these sediment samples implied that more specific environmental changes not only transition from marine to freshwater but also an existence of sea-ice (Fragilariopsis curta, F. cylindrus), a desalination process (Psammothidium papilio) and an oligotrophication of lake water.