2:30 PM - 2:45 PM
[MIS12-04] Spatiotemporal Variations of the b-value and Total Electron Content Prior to Large Earthquakes in Japan
Keywords:Earthquake, Electromagnetics, b-value
We select the 2003, 2008 Tokachi-oki EQ (M8.0) and the 2011 Tohoku-oki EQ. As results, we found the variation of b-value has a tendency to decrease for M7class EQs in the analyzed regions and the neighbor's area. For the 2003Tokachi-oki EQ, we investigated temporal variation for the b-value with interval of 1day. We found decrease of b-value occurred 16 days and 2-3days before the main shock. On the other hand, for anomaly of the TEC in the Hokkaido-region,we found significant increase of TEC 2 days before the EQ (M>6.0, D<40 km) using the statistical analysis during 1998-2015. That is, the positive anomaly is dominant, In the case of the 2003 Tokachi-oki EQ, TEC anomaly occurred 2 days before main shock. However, immediately after this TEC anomaly, solar activity becomes active, and after that, positive anomaly may be masked from solar activity. From these results, in the 2003 Tokachi-oki EQ, we found that anomaly of b-value occurred 16 days before main shock after that, TEC anomaly occurred. The results for the 2011Tohoku-oki EQ show the similar tendency in b-value and TEC variations.
From above results, we can conclude that simultaneous use of the b-value and the TEC analysis is suggestive of the effectiveness in short-term earthquake forecast for the M7 or higher earthquakes Details will be given in the presentation.