11:15 AM - 11:30 AM
[MIS13-15] The distribution of rockfall and topographical change in
Shirouma Daisekkei, the Northern Japanese Alps
Keywords:rockfall, Shirouma-Daisekkei, topographical change, ice radar, UAV
From the interval camera set up from July to August of 2014 images, the boulders produced from the rock wall onto the snow patch was slight, and most of the boulders scattered innumerably on the snow patch were melted from the inside of snow patch. In 2015, there were more snow than usual, and melting line did not reach the surface of the snow rice at the end of the previous year's melting, so there were few boulders melted from the inside of the snow patch. Focusing on the surface inclination angle obtained from the 50 cm resolution DEM prepared using UAV aerial photographs, the gentle slope and the steep slope are alternately present in the Shirouma-Daisekkei main stream, and re-rolling and re-sliding of a lot of boulders was confirmed from the interval imaging to the steep slope. When erosion zones were extracted from the difference of airborne laser data DEM of plural years, there was a difference in erosion pattern depend on geology. In the geologic region of the felsic rocks, erosion (linear type) along the valley was observed in many cases. However, in the ultramafic rock and the felsic tuff, such features were not observed, and the surface erosion was unity. In addition, due to GPR investigation and distribution of crevasses, the location of the stream at the bottom of the snow patch and a huge tunnel were revealed.