JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS15] [JJ] Geophysical fluid dynamics-Transfield approach to geoscience

Wed. May 24, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 106 (International Conference Hall 1F)

convener:Keita Iga(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Shigeo Yoshida(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University), Takatoshi Yanagisawa(Department of Deep Earth Structure and Dynamics Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Hidenori AIKI(Nagoya University), Chairperson:Keita Iga(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[MIS15-04] Gradual changes of an ordered flow structure in a liquid metal convection with reducing magnetic field

*Takatoshi Yanagisawa1, Wataru Ishimi2, Yuji Tasaka2, Ataru Sakuraba3, Tobias Vogt4, Sven Eckert4 (1.Department of Deep Earth Structure and Dynamics Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, 3.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo, 4.Helmholtz Zentrum at Dresden-Rossendorf)

Keywords:liquid metal convection, magnetic field, flow pattern

Studies of magnetoconvection and rotating convection by liquid metals are both important for understanding the dynamics of flow in planetary cores. On magnetoconvection, we studied the Rayleigh-Benard convection under a horizontal uniform magnetic field by laboratory experiments (Yanagisawa et al. 2013, Tasaka et al. 2016). We have established a regime diagram of convection style on the plane of the Rayleigh number (Ra) and the Chandrasekhar number (Q). Convection regimes are classified well by the value of Ra/Q; when Ra/Q < 1 (strong magnetic field), the flow pattern shows steady roll structure whose axes are aligned to the magnetic field. On the other hand, it shows a vessel scale turbulent flow structure with many fluctuations when Ra/Q > 100 (weak magnetic field). Among these two extremes, we can identify several flow regimes, such as, oscillation of rolls, repetition of roll number transitions, reversal of the flow direction in rolls. Here we focus on the transitions process from steady laminar flow to turbulent flow by gradual decreases in the Q, at fixed values of the Ra. We performed both laboratory experiments and numerical simulations, and made up a comprehensive view of the process that the convection structure loses the initial ordered roll state. In laboratory experiments, we used an ultrasonic measurement of flow velocity profiles with newly developed transducers to achieve measurements under a strong magnetic field. In numerical simulations, we used sufficient grid points to resolve well the Hartmann layers generated at side walls of the vessel. At very high Q, the pattern shows almost 2-dimensional roll structure, but we observed the existence of small velocities of flow parallel to the imposed magnetic field. Detailed study on the distribution of this flow elucidated that it is a kind of suction generated by the circulation of 2-D rolls. With reducing the Q, this component of flow velocity is getting larger, and secondary vortices emerge at the boundaries of main rolls. Time variations of the roll structure are closely related to the migration of these secondary vortices. At smaller value of the Q, the rolls begin large amplitude of oscillation and 3-D behavior becomes dominant.