JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS15] [JJ] Geophysical fluid dynamics-Transfield approach to geoscience

Wed. May 24, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A08 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Keita Iga(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Shigeo Yoshida(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University), Takatoshi Yanagisawa(Department of Deep Earth Structure and Dynamics Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Hidenori AIKI(Nagoya University), Chairperson:Shigeo Yoshida(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of S\ ciences, Kyushu University)

1:45 PM - 2:00 PM

[MIS15-07] Sidewall boundary region and instability of an axisymmetric flow in a cylindrical tank with a rotating bottom

*Keita Iga1 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:rotating flow, instability, shallow water waves, laboratory experiment

Non-axisymmetric flows are often formed in the terrestrial and planetary atmospheres even under their axisymmetric environments. Such non-axisymmetric flows can be realized in a very simple laboratory experiment using a cylindrical tank filled with water by rapidly rotating a disk at the bottom.
In order to treat theoretically such phenomena, the axisymmetric flow as the basic state has been analyzed. The comparison of the theory with results of laboratory experiments show a slight difference of the water surface height near the side-wall boundary. Considering the angular momentum budget around this region, a corrected theory is shown which predicts the water surface elevation precisely.
Based on the obtained flow field, instability of the axisymmetric flow is investigated. Considering a problem as a shallow water system, the unstable modes are calculated, which shows some differences with the experimental results. The treatment as the shallow water system not only shifts the existence range of the unstable modes, but also may have a significant influence on the existence itself of the unstable modes, through the disappearance of the overlapping of the dispersion curves which should resonate originally.