2:00 PM - 2:15 PM
[MIS15-08] Concrete Buildings + Fractal Sunshade = Cool Island
Keywords:Fractal Sunshade, Heat Island, Thermal Inertia
In order to demonstrate this, we set up a fractal sunshade in the scale model for urban climate (COSMO) at Nippon Institute of Technology. The experimental site COSMO has a concrete slab of 100 m × 50 m on which 512 dice-shaped concrete blocks of 1.5 m square model buildings are arranged at intervals of 3 m. Since the area of the concrete surface including the wall surface is twice the ground surface area, the bulk thermal inertia is twice that of the concrete surface. Here we set up a 20 m × 20 m fractal sunshade and compared it with a section without a shade. The fractal shade has a three-layer structure with a layer that blocks solar radiation in the morning and afternoon, in addition to the layer that has the maximum light shading ratio in the south middle time, and it maintains the light shielding ratio of about 90% almost throughout the day . For comparison, observation at the grassland adjacent to COSMO was also conducted.
Temperature observation in the grassland adjacent to the COSMO, the concrete section under the fractal shade, the concrete section under the direct sunlight were made. The temperature during the day was the lowest under the fractal shade. Looking at the vertical distribution of the temperature during the day, in the grassland and the concrete section, the temperature is higher as the closer to the ground surface and the unstable stratification is made, whereas the air is stably stratified under the fractal sunshade. It was confirmed that the concrete was working as a heat sink.