JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS16] [JJ] Gas hydrates in environmental-resource sciences

Mon. May 22, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A02 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Hitoshi Tomaru(Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University), Akihiro Hachikubo(Environmental and Energy Resources Research Center, Kitami Institute of Technology), Sumito Morita(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Atsushi Tani(Graduate School of Human Development and Environment, Kobe University), Chairperson:Hitoshi Tomaru(Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University)

9:15 AM - 9:30 AM

[MIS16-02] Pore space filling state of mud sediment in the gas hydrate area in the Japan Sea: assumption from oxygen isotopic composition of water fraction

*Akihiro Kano1, Reina Miyahara2, Taiki Mori2, Ryo Matsumoto3 (1.Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 2.Graduate School of Integrated Science for Global Society, Kyushu University, 3.Gas Hydrate Research Laboratory, Meiji University)

Keywords:Gas hydrate, Japan Sea, Oxygen isotope

Gas hydrates in the Japan Sea occur massive, vein, and granular forms in fine-grained mud sediments. It is generally considered that the hydrate cannot be developed in micron-sized pore spaces in fine-grained sediments because of a reduced pore water activity and the capillary pressure in pores (Clennell et al., 1999). This appear a distinct contrast with pore-filling gas hydrates in sandy sediments, as observed in the Nankai Trough.
However, our analyses for the hydrate-bearing sediments recovered from Joetsu offshore imply that the gas hydrate at least partly fills the porosity of the mud sediments. Our analysis sequence consists three steps; the oxygen isotopes of the water fraction (porewater and hydrate) equilibrated with gaseous carbon dioxide, the methane/carbon dioxide ratio of headspace gas, and the porosity by measuring weight and volume of the dried sediments. We found that the difference in oxygen isotope between porewater and hydrate decreased down to <1.5 permil with increasing abundance of hydrate, which contradicts with theoretical calculation assuming fractionation in a closed system. Headspece gas of some mud sediments recorded extremely high methane/carbon dioxide ratio. These features imply the occurrence of hydrate in the porosity of the mud sediments. In addition, the porosity of the Joetsu sediments was clearly lower than the porosity of the other area (e.g., the Oki offshore). This can be explained by the pore-filling hydrate and/or free gas. Our findings improve the estimate of energy resource of the Japan Sea hydrate, and may contribute to future study for the hydrate recovery.
This study was conducted under the commission from AIST as a part of the methane hydrate research project funded by METI (the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Japan).

Clennell et al., 1999. Journal of Geophysical Research 104, B10, 22,985−23,003.