JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS16] [JJ] Gas hydrates in environmental-resource sciences

Mon. May 22, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A02 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Hitoshi Tomaru(Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University), Akihiro Hachikubo(Environmental and Energy Resources Research Center, Kitami Institute of Technology), Sumito Morita(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Atsushi Tani(Graduate School of Human Development and Environment, Kobe University), Chairperson:Hitoshi Tomaru(Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University)

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[MIS16-05] Characteristics of BGHS in shallow methane hydrate fields of Oki Trough, eastern margin of Japan Sea

*Naoto Ishida1, Naoshi Mizumoto2, Katsuki Kawahara2, Hitoshi Tomaru3, Takao Ebinuma1, Ryo Matsumoto4 (1.Social Systems and Civil Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tottori University, 2.Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tottori University, 3.Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University, 4.Organization for the Strategic Coordination of Research and Intellectual Properties, Meiji University)

Keywords:shallow methane hydrate , BGHS, Oki Trough, Japan Sea

Off San'in region, such as Oki Trough and Tsushima Basin, is known as one of the methane hydrate fields in the eastern margin of Japan Sea. This study focuses on BGHS (Base of Gas Hydrate Stability) in the Oki Trough and evaluates the influences on accumulation and disassociation of methane hydrate.
BGHS in the Oki Trough is mainly controlled by geothermal gradient. In the southeastern margin of Oki Trough, the geothermal gradient is comparatively high: 115–124 degrees C/km (e.g., Yasui et al., 1966, 1968). On the other hand, our geothermal investigation in the southwestern margin revealed the geothermal gradient as 71 degrees C/km. BGHS depths were estimated at the site in 727 m water depth in the southeastern margin and at the site in 763 m water depth in the southwestern margin to be 83 mbsf and 157 mbsf, respectively.
BGHS response to the 120 m sea-level fall during the Last Glacial Maximum was simulated. At the southwest slope of Oki Trough, the BGHS becomes 27 m shallower than present, while the variation at the southeast slope is 14 m. The response of BGHSs to the sea-level fall is prominently involved in methane hydrate disassociation, which makes the submarine ground unstable. This study intends to make reference to the relation between topographic deformation, like pockmarks and submarine slides, and methane hydrate disassociation in the Oki Trough.
This study was conducted under the commission from AIST as a part of the methane hydrate research project funded by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Japan.