10:15 AM - 10:30 AM
[MIS16-06] Variety of near-surface gas hydrates at the southern Baikal basin
Keywords: gas hydrate, crystallographic structure, Lake Baikal
Gas hydrate crystals were quickly collected onboard and stored in liquid nitrogen. Samples of hydrate-bound gas were obtained onboard and stored in 5-mL vials. We obtained the powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) patterns of the crystals and measured molecular and stable isotope compositions of the gas vials.
PXRD results showed that almost all samples belonged to the crystallographic structure I; however, some samples retrieved at Kedr and Kedr2 where massive and granular crystals were recovered in the last cruises (MHP-15 and 16) belonged to the crystallographic structure II.
According to the C1/C2 - C1d13C diagram (Bernard et al., 1976), the d13C-dD diagram for C1 (Whiticar, 1999), and the C1d13C - C2d13C diagram (Milkov, 2005), the gas characteristics show the following information:
1) Hydrate-bound hydrocarbons at the Krasnyi Yar 1-3, PosolBank2, and Solzan are mainly microbial origin, those at the Kedr and Kedr2 mud volcanoes are thermogenic origin, and those at the Mamay are in the field of mixed-gas between microbial and thermogenic.
2) C1dD of the hydrate-bound gas at the Krasnyi Yar 1-3, PosolBank2, and Solzan distributed around -300 permil, and those at the Kedr and Kedr2 were around -270 permil due to the effect of thermogenic methane.
3) C2d13C of the hydrate-bound gas at the PosolBank2 was around -30 permil, and that at the Solzan was around -70 permil, indicating the effect of microbial C2. The latter C2d13C at the Solzan is the lowest value of hydrate-bound C2 in the world.
4) C2d13C of the hydrate-bound gas at the Kedr and Kedr2 mud volcanoes showed that C2d13C of the structure II was around 10 permil lower than that of the structure I, suggesting that the structure I dissociated and formed the structure II according to an isotopic fractionation.
Bernard BB, Brooks JM, Sackett WM (1976) Natural gas seepage in the Gulf of Mexico. Earth Planet Sci Lett 31: 48-54.
Milkov AV (2005) Molecular and stable isotope compositions of natural gas hydrates: a revised global dataset and basic interpretations in the context of geological settings. Org Geochem 36: 681-70. doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2005.01.010
Whiticar MJ (1999) Carbon and hydrogen isotope systematics of bacterial formation and oxidation of methane. Chem Geol 161: 291-314. doi:10.1016/S0009-2541(99)00092-3