JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS16] [JJ] Gas hydrates in environmental-resource sciences

Mon. May 22, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A02 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Hitoshi Tomaru(Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University), Akihiro Hachikubo(Environmental and Energy Resources Research Center, Kitami Institute of Technology), Sumito Morita(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Atsushi Tani(Graduate School of Human Development and Environment, Kobe University), Chairperson:Naoto Ishida(Social Systems and Civil Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tottori University)

10:45 AM - 11:00 AM

[MIS16-07] Gas plume and anomaly atmospheric CH4 concentration

*Shinsuke Aoki1, Shujiro Komiya, Kosuke Noborio2, Ryo Matsumoto3 (1.Graduate School of Agriculture, Meiji University, 2.School of Agriculture, Meiji University, 3.Gas Hydrate Laboratory, Meiji University)

Keywords:Shallow gas hydrate, Gas plume, Methane (CH4)

Geological sources of greenhouse gases (e.g., methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2)) in the onshore area emit directly into the atmosphere. On the other hand, CH4 release from the offshore area is certified as ‘gas plume’ in the water column. The gas plume is vertical acoustic anomalies in the water column and composed of the gas bubbles. The gas plume observed in the Japan Sea is CH4 gas supplied through gas chimney. Massive nodular hydrates (shallow gas hydrate) are locally concentrated with high CH4 flux via gas chimney. Exploration of gas plume is one method of investigating the accumulation zone of shallow gas hydrate. If the gas forming gas plumes reaches the atmosphere, the atmospheric CH4 increase. We investigated the relationship between gas plume locations and anomalies of atmospheric CH4 concentration.
We observed the higher CH4 concentrations nearby a gas plume point (<5 km) in some gas plume site. Since the anomaly of atmospheric CH4 concentration may be attributed to anthropogenic origins from land, satellite data (ASCAT and WindSat) observing the wind direction were used to screen wind directions. The water temperature profile differed depending on the sea area, and it seemed to be related to anomaly atmospheric concentration.
This study was conducted under the commission from AIST as a part of the methane hydrate research project funded by METI (the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Japan). We appreciate the support of the crew onboard R/V No.7 Kaiyo-maru during the 7K14, 7K15.