JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS16] [JJ] Gas hydrates in environmental-resource sciences

Mon. May 22, 2017 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Hitoshi Tomaru(Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University), Akihiro Hachikubo(Environmental and Energy Resources Research Center, Kitami Institute of Technology), Sumito Morita(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Atsushi Tani(Graduate School of Human Development and Environment, Kobe University)

[MIS16-P02] Isotopic fractionation process of guest gas at the formation of nitrogen hydrate

Takahiro Ozeki1, *Akihiro Hachikubo1, Hiroshi Ohno1, Satoshi Takeya2 (1.Kitami Institute of Technology, 2.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST))

Keywords: gas hydrate, stable isotope, nitrogen

Gas hydrates are crystalline clathrate compounds composed of water and gas molecules that are stable at low temperature, high partial pressure of each gas component, and high gas concentration. Nitrogen hydrate exists in Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets as an air (N2 and O2 mixed gas) hydrate. Recently, existence of nitrogen hydrate has been expected in the Titan (the largest moon of the Saturn). On the other hand, isotopic fractionation of carbon and hydrogen in methane and ethane during the formation of gas hydrates was reported by Hachikubo et al. (2007). In this study, we report isotopic fractionation of nitrogen during the formation of nitrogen hydrate. The samples of nitrogen hydrate were experimentally prepared in a pressure cell and isotopic compositions of both residual and hydrate-bound gases were measured. d15N of hydrate-bound molecules was about 0.2 permil higher than that of residual gas molecules in the formation processes. Temperature effect on the isotopic fractionation was small between 226K and 273K.


Reference
Hachikubo A, Kosaka T, Kida M, Krylov A, Sakagami H, Minami H, Takahashi N, Shoji H (2007) Isotopic fractionation of methane and ethane hydrates between gas and hydrate phases. Geophys Res Lett 34: L21502. doi:10.1029/2007GL030557