JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS19] [JJ] Biogeochemistry

Wed. May 24, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 302 (International Conference Hall 3F)

convener:Muneoki Yoh(Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology), Hideaki Shibata(Field Science Center fot Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University), Naohiko Ohkouchi(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Youhei Yamashita(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Chairperson:Yohei Yamashita(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Chairperson:Naohiko Ohkouchi(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Chairperson:Tomoya Iwata(Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Yamanashi)

9:45 AM - 10:00 AM

[MIS19-04] Exploration of the relationship between isotopic signatures of inorganic nitrogen and the spiraling metrics in the river

Thuan Nguyen Cong2, *Keisuke Koba1, Midori Yano1, Tomoya Iwata3, Yuta Ikeda3, Muneoki Yoh2 (1.Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University, 2.Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3.University of Yamanashi)

Keywords:nutrient spiral, inorganic nitrogen, stable isotope

Spiraling metrics are important for the better understanding of the biogeochemical processes in rivers, although it is quite demanding to measure these parameters. We explore the possibility to use the natural abundance of 15N and d18O of inorganic nitrogen (ammonium, nitrate and occasionally nitrite) as a proxy of the spiraling metrics. We measured concentrations and isotopes ratios of ammonium, nitrate and nitrite in a reach of Fuji River to figure out how concentrations and isotope ratios of these inorganic nitrogen can change according to their spiraling. We continuously collected water samples in the reach of ca. 6.5 km in the Fuji River by directly tracking a specific parcel of water following the longitudinal Lagrangian approach in June, October, November and December of 2015. We found significant inverse correlations between ammonium concentrations and d15N of ammonium in all sampling periods, implying that ammonium was removed by nitrification and assimilation. The d15N of nitrite measured in December were lower than both d15N of ammonium and nitrate, suggesting the inverse isotopic fractionation during nitrite oxidation in the nitrification. Both concentrations and d15N of nitrate significantly increased with the distance in all sampling periods, indicating the consumption of nitrate in parallel with nitrification. We will present more data collected from different rivers to explore the usefulness of isotope ratios as proxies of the spiraling metrics in the presentation.