10:15 AM - 10:30 AM
[MIS19-06] A nobel methane production pathway in freshwater ecosystems
Keywords:Aerobic methane production, Planktonic microbes, Freshwater ecosystems, Methylphosphonic acid
The ability of CH4 production by freshwater organisms was examined for ten axenic planktonic microbes by three batch-culture experiments (Experiment 1, 2 & 3). In Experiment 1, to confirm the ability of aerobic methane production ability by planktonic microbes, we compared the CH4 production of P-starved microbes between inorganic phosphorus (Pi) and MPn addition treatments. In Experiment 2, to identify the enzymatic reaction of aerobic methane production, we measured the CH4 production of P-starved microbes for various phosphonate addtition treatments (MPn, EPn, 2-AEPn and DMMPn). Finally, in Experiment 3, inorganic nitrogen (N) and Pi was added with MPn to identify the effects of nutrient stoichiometry on aerobic methane production by planktonic microbes. In Experiment 1, the aerobic methane production was observed only in the MPn-add treatment for all microbes, while there was no CH4 production in control and Pi-add treatments. Therefore, it is confirmed that the most planktonic microbes are able to decompose MPn to produce CH4 under Pi-starved condition. Experiment 2 also revealed that the test organisms are able to cleave the C-P bond of MPn as a substitute for Pi, thereby producing CH4 or C2H6 gases. However, the Protein BLAST search revealed that the test organisms have no C-P lyase (phn) genes, implying that different enzymes may function for the degradation of phosphonates. Therefore, further biochemical and proteomic analyses are necessary to identify the metabolic pathway. Finally, the effect of nutrient stoichiometry on CH4 production was confirmed in Experiment 3. In particular, CH4 production rate was accelerated in the MPn+N-addition treatment, indicating that N availability controls the MPn decomposition.
The present study revealed that the planktonic microbes have the ability to produce CH4 aerobically by cleaving the C-P bond of phosphonates, whereas N availability increases CH4 production. Therefore, the hitherto unknown CH4 production by planktonic microbes in aerobic freshwater ecosystems represents a contemporary fact to amend the global CH4 budget.