JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS19] [JJ] Biogeochemistry

Wed. May 24, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 302 (International Conference Hall 3F)

convener:Muneoki Yoh(Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology), Hideaki Shibata(Field Science Center fot Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University), Naohiko Ohkouchi(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Youhei Yamashita(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Chairperson:Rota Wagai(NARO, Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences), Chairperson:Kazuya Nishina(National Institute for Enviromental Studies), Chairperson:Yoshiyuki Inagaki(Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute), Chairperson:Kazumichi Fujii(Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute)

2:00 PM - 2:15 PM

[MIS19-14] Heterogeneity of organo-mineral particles within submicron aggregate among contrasting soil types

*Maki Asano1, Yasuo Takeichi2, Hiroki Suga3, Kanta Ono2, Yoshio Takahashi4, Rota Wagai5 (1.University of Tsukuba, 2.KEK, 3.Hiroshima University, 4.The University of Tokyo, 5.NIAES)

Keywords:soil aggregate, soil organic matter, organo-mineral associate, STXM, carbon stabilization

Soil organic matter (SOM) accounts for a major portion of terrestrial C and is considered to be stabilized against microbial degradation due partly to its interaction with soil minerals. These organo-mineral interactions contribute to the formation of heterogeneous organo-mineral aggregate at various space scales down to submicron level. Many early studies showed hierarchical structure of organo-mineral aggregates that are bound together by various binding agents. Yet how organic compounds of microbial and plant origins interact with mineral phases within soil aggregate structure at the spatial scale relevant to microbial extracellular enzymes (tens of nanometers) remain unclear.
Here we focused on the sonication-resistant organo-mineral aggregates that are enriched in organic matter (OM) collected by particle size fractionation from four soil types of contrasting minerology. We hypothesize that spatial variation of C, Fe and Al and it’s chemical composition differ among the soil types due to the differences in the mode of organo-mineral associations.
We compare top soils (A horizon) from four soil types: allophanic Andisol, non-allophanic Andisol, Mollisol, Ultisol. The recovered particle size fractions are observed by scanning transmission X-ray microscopy (STXM) and near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS). We will discuss common patterns and differences based on the mapping of these elements as well as that of carbon chemical composition among the four soils.