2:45 PM - 3:00 PM
[MIS19-17] The stable isotopic compositions of nitrate extracted from natural plants : Quantifying the contribution of atmospheric nitrogen oxides to nitrogen assimilated by plants
Keywords:Plant, Nitrogen oxides, Triple oxygen isotopic composition
Leaf samples were collected from conifer needles (Metasequoia and Cypress), broad leaves (Quercus glauca and Prunus yedoensis) and herbage (Sasa) once every month from April, 2016, to April 2017 from the same plant individual at Nagoya University.The leaf samples were washed immediately after each sampling using Milli-Q water and dried, and then nitrate was extracted using Milli-Q water, while insoluble materials were removed through filiteration.The stable isotopic compositions including the triple oxygen isotopic compositions of the extracted nitrate were determined using Continuous-Flow Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry (CF-IRMS) system in Nagoya University (Tsunogai et al., 2010).
The nitrate concentrations per dry weight of plants were ranged from 0.1 to 0.5 μmol g-1. We could not find clear seasonal variations in the concentrations. The isotopic compositions of nitrate extracted from the plants were highly deviated from those in soil water. The δ15N values showed large variation from -25‰ to +10‰ (vs. air) among the plants. Quercus glauca and Metasequoia showed definitely lower δ15N values in nitrate compared with those dissolved in soil water (-5‰ to +5‰). Besides, the δ18O values were significantly higher than those dissolved in soil water (-10‰ to 0‰ vs. VSMOW) , ranging from +60‰ to +80‰ in the whole plants. Furthermore, the Δ17O values always showed large anomalies (+13‰ to +20‰). We concluded that most of the nitrate extracted by the method contain nitrate derived from atmospheric nitrogen oxides.