[MIS20-P04] Lithology and age of Middle Paleozoic siliceous-clastic strata related to the opening of the Paleo-Tethys in the Klaeng area, Rayong Province, southeastern Thailand
Keywords:Paleo-Tethys, Devonian, Radiolaria
From near the locality where we studied, Kamata et al. (2015) reported P. cladophorum and some entactiniid species such as S. cf. pusilla. They concluded that this fauna is probably referable to the Middle-Late Devonian. We collected over 50 samples including black carbonaceous mudstone, chert, tuffaceous chert, felsic tuff and siliceous mudstone from the study section, with the aim of determining detailed biostratigraphic age. As a result, we recovered moderately well-preserved radiolarians from gray to dark gray chert of Unit II and black siliceous mudstone of Unit III. The radiolarian fauna from both samples has similar species composition, including T. minax, T. vetusta, T. davidi, T. elegans, and T. echinata. Trilonche minax and other Trilonche species are the representative species of the T. minax assemblage (Aitchison et al., 1999). Based on the age calibration by Aitchison et al. (1999), the fauna of our samples can be assigned to latest Givetian to early Frasnian (latest Middle Devonian to early Late Devonian).
Kamata et al. (2015) suggested that the lithological assemblage in the study section is dissimilar to that of the Devonian part of the Fang chert (Chiang Dao area of northern Thailand), which is related to the opening of the Paleo-Tethys (Hara et al., 2010). However, the result of the present study shows that the stratigraphy consisting of black carbonaceous mudstone of Unit I and overlying fine-grained siliceous and tuffaceous rocks (Unit II) is similar to that of black shale and overlying siliceous shale and tuffaceous chert in the Chiang Dao area of Hara et al. (2010).