3:45 PM - 4:00 PM
[MIS23-14] Preservation processes of paleoflood in stalagmite – case study of Inazumi Underwater Cave, Oita, NE Kyushu,Japan –
Keywords:stalagmite, paleoflood, paleoclimate, humic substance, sedimentology
Both of SUI-1 and SUI-2 showed (1) the presence of troughs filled by mud and rock-forming minerals such as augite, magnetite and quartz on the stalagmite’s flank; (2) the presence of numerous microcrystalline CaCO3 on the flood layers; (3) alternating couplets of thick and porous layers on upper part of the stalagmite, which the porous layers were frequently filled by mud, and; (4) that no fluorescence layers were observed.
The (1) indicates that large size suspended solids carried during cave flooding induce physical weathering on the stalagmite’s surface, resulting in formation of the troughs and fill-up by small size suspended mud in the troughs while water level of cave river is decreasing. The large size minerals are considered to be washed away toward the stalagmite’s flank by dripping water. The (2) indicates that the CaCO3 growth was temporarily ceased by the coverage of the suspended solids on the stalagmite’s surface, and that the numerous microcrystalline CaCO3 are the evidence of nucleation and growth competition of newly precipitated CaCO3 from dripping water. The (3) infers that the period of forming the porous layers corresponds to the one of the cave flooding (summer and autumn), and hence seasonality. The (4) indicates that either the concentration of humic substance in the dripping water was too low to provide the fluorescence layers or the humic substance contained in the mud trapped in the stalagmite should be incorporated in the crystal lattice of CaCO3 for the fluorescence.