JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS23] [JJ] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Mon. May 22, 2017 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM IC (International Conference Hall 2F)

convener:Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Ikuko Kitaba(Research Centre for Palaleoclimatology, Ritsumeikan University), Masaki Sano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Chairperson:Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University)

4:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[MIS23-17] Uranium in Corals provide the clue to solve the Quaternary chronology logjam

*Yusuke Yokoyama1,2,3, Tezer M Esat4, Shoko Hirabayashi1,2, Yosuke Miyairi1 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo, 2.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of Tokyo, 3.Department of Biogeochemistry, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 4.Research School of Earth Sciences, The Australian National University)

Keywords:Quaternary chronology , Coral, Uranium series nuclides

Shallow water corals provide only direct way of determining the absolute timing and magnitude of Quaternary sea levels extending back over 600,000 years. Their uranium and thorium abundances and uranium isotope ratios when combined with coral reef elevations help determine sea-levels. Radiocarbon dating is also useful up to ca. 50,000 years but older than that relying on the U-series dating technique.
It is relies on the following radioactive decay chain:

238U (4.5x10^9 yr) -> 234Th (24 days) -> 234U (2.5 x 10^5 yr) ->230Th (7.5x10^4 yr)

Deep-sea corals do not provide sea level information but appear to be responsive to ocean circulation changes and continental riverine and ice-sheet meltwater inputs to the oceans (Chen et al., 2016 Science).
In this presentation, we introduce recent debate with regards to uranium isotopes in ocean and discuss the reliable method to conduct U-series dating. Also consequence on the topic related to the phase relations of climate sub-systems are discussed.