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[MIS23-23] Pliocene planktonic foraminiferal assemblages of IODP Site U1338 in the equatorial Pacific: implication to the closure of the Central American Seaway
Keywords:planktonic foraminifera, Pliocene, eastern equatorial Pacific, IODP
As a result, 79 species belonging to 19 genus of planktonic foraminifera were detected from 42 samples of this interval. The planktonic foraminiferal fauna is dominated by tropical to subtropical species such as Globorotalia tumida, Globigerinita glutinata and Menardella menardii. According to a Q-mode factor analysis of the samples, planktonic foraminiferal assemblages can be divided into three zones, namely, Zone A (5.5--4.5 Ma), Zone B (4.5--3.1 Ma) and Zone C (3.1--2.2 Ma). Zone A is characterized by cyclic changes of subtropical subsurface components, tropical subsurface components and surface components. In turn, Zone B is characterized by alternative changes between subsurface and surface tropical components. Zone C is dominated by tropical subsurface components. These faunal changes suggest that the shoaling of thermocline in the eastern equatorial Pacific might start at approximately 4.5 Ma followed by stepwise weakening of the western Pacific oligotrophic water.