[PCG23-P03] Laser-Induced Fluorescence Spectroscopy of Martian mineral analogues
Keywords:Laser-Induced Fluorescence, mineral
We used 14 kinds of minerals. YAG laser was used in the LIFS experiment (wavelength: 355 nm, Laser power: 8 mJ/pulse, pulth width: 5 ns, laser spot size: 8 mm, oscillation frequency: 10Hz). LIFS spectra were measured with a wavelength range of 375-525 nm. Delay time from laser irradiation was 0 ns (gate 150 ns). Streak camera was used for the measurement of fluorescence life time.
Four silicate minerals showed broad spectra with a peak around at 400-550 nm. Five hydrated salts, boric acid, calcium oxide showed a developed peak around 405 nm, which are possibly derived from hydroxyl radicals. Calcium carbonate showed two characteristic peaks at 435 and 458 nm, and sodium tetraborate showed a peak at 435 nm. On the other hand, no fluorescence was detected from iron oxide, that is one of the major components of Martian surface.
The fluorescence lifetimes of the silicates were in decreasing order of talc > kaolinite, zeolite > montmorillonite. The fluorescence lifetime of sodium tetraborate was the shortest, which was distinct from the other minerals. All the hydrated salts had similar fluorescence lifetime.