JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM11] [EE] Mesosphere-Thermosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Earth's Atmosphere

Wed. May 24, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A01 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Loren Chang(Institute of Space Science, National Central University), Huixin Liu(Earth and Planetary Science Division, Kyushu University SERC, Kyushu University), Akinori Saito(Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Tzu-Wei Fang, Chairperson:Huixin Liu(Earth and Planetary Science Division, Kyushu University SERC, Kyushu University)

10:45 AM - 11:05 AM

[PEM11-11] Dependence of ExB Drifts in the Night-Time Ionosphere on Winds and Conductivities

★Invited papers

*Arthur D Richmond1, Tzu-Wei Fang2, Astrid Maute1 (1.NCAR, 2.U. Colorado)

Plasma ExB convection in the night-time ionosphere is driven largely by the F-region dynamo, with additional effects due to boundary electric potentials at dawn and dusk and at high latitude. In the evening a vortex of convection over the magnetic equator is established, of which the upward branch represents the pre-reversal enhancement (PRE) of the vertical drift around 18-19 magnetic local time. The PRE affects the height of the ionosphere, the latitude distribution of electron density, and the likelihood of plasma instabilities. An approximate minimization principle for the night-time convection helps explain its dependence on the winds and conductivities. F-region winds in the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly region determine most of the electrodynamics of the entire low-latitude region at night. After sunset eastward winds drive plasma convection that increases toward the east, and normally causes plasma to be drawn up across lower-altitude geomagnetic-field lines to produce the PRE. Cowling conductivity in the night-time E-region equatorial electrojet retards the upflow, making the PRE sensitive to variable and poorly known night-time ionization.