JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM11] [EE] Mesosphere-Thermosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Earth's Atmosphere

Wed. May 24, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A01 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Loren Chang(Institute of Space Science, National Central University), Huixin Liu(Earth and Planetary Science Division, Kyushu University SERC, Kyushu University), Akinori Saito(Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Tzu-Wei Fang, Chairperson:Akinori Saito(Kyoto University, Japan)

2:45 PM - 3:00 PM

[PEM11-19] El Niño - Southern Oscillation effect on quasi-biennial oscillation of temperature diurnal tides in mesosphere and lower thermosphere

*Yang-Yi Sun1, Huixin Liu1, Yasunobu Miyoshi1, Libo Liu2, Loren Chang3 (1.Kyushu Univsersuty, Department of Earth and Planetary Science, 2.Key Laboratory of Earth and Planetary Physics, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 3.Graduate Institute of Space Science, National Central University)

Keywords:ENSO, QBO, diurnal tides

The El Niño - Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is known as a periodic (2 to 7 years) planetary-scale ocean-atmosphere-coupled phenomenon that affects global climate and weather systems at various space and time frames. Studies in the recent decade suggested that the ENSO is a significant source of tides variability in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT). In this study, we examine the ENSO signals in the two dominant temperature diurnal tides of DW1 (diurnal westward wavenumber 1) and DE3 (diurnal eastward wavenumber 3) on the quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) scale (18 to 34 months) in MLT. The tides are derived from the 21-year (1996 to 2016) GAIA (Ground-to-topside model of Atmosphere and Ionosphere for Aeronomy) temperature simulations and the 15-year (2002 to 2016) TIMED (Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics) / SABER (Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry) temperature observations. The results show that the ENSO constrains the QBO not only in the stratosphere but also in the MLT. The anomalous stratospheric QBO in 2015–2016 enhances the DW1 in period from 1 to 1.5 years that is much shorter than the QBO period. The long-term decreasing trends in the DE3 QBO amplitude and the rainfall rate at low latitudes reveal the DE3 response to the climatological changes, of which the ENSO is one of the players.