JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM11] [EE] Mesosphere-Thermosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Earth's Atmosphere

Wed. May 24, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A01 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Loren Chang(Institute of Space Science, National Central University), Huixin Liu(Earth and Planetary Science Division, Kyushu University SERC, Kyushu University), Akinori Saito(Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Tzu-Wei Fang, Chairperson:Akinori Saito(Kyoto University, Japan)

3:00 PM - 3:15 PM

[PEM11-20] On the Relationship between Sporadic-E and ENSO Observed by FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC

Pei-Yun Chiu1, *Loren Chang1, Cornelius Csar Jude H. Salinas2,3, Jann-Yenq Liu1, Charles Lin4 (1.Institute of Space Science, National Central University, Taiwan., 2.Taiwan International Graduate Program-Earth Systems Science, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan., 3.Department of Atmospheric Sciences, National Central University, Taoyuan City, Taiwan., 4.Department of Earth Science, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.)

Keywords:Sporadic E, ENSO, Tides

Sporadic E (Es) refers to dense layers of metallic ions that can form in the ionospheric E region due to the effects of vertical neutral wind shear, influencing terrestrial and satellite radio propagation. The effects of Es can be observed by means of GPS scintillation in the E region, parametrized as the S4 phase fluctuation index. Here we present a report on the long term variation of Es using S4 indices and the zonal mean tropopause height measured by the FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC satellite constellation from 2007 - 2014. We find that the monthly global median S4 index in the E region shows a prominent dependence on variation of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the troposphere that has not been previously reported. The ENSO related variation of the E region global median S4 indices varies in phase with that of the zonal mean tropopause height, with both parameters lagging the Oceanic Nino index by four months. Taken together, these results indicate that ENSO signatures can be transmitted to Es formation mechanisms, potentially through modulation of the atmospheric waves and tides that alter lower thermospheric neutral wind shears by vertically propagating and breaking in that region.