JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM12] [EE] Space Weather, Space Climate, VarSITI

Tue. May 23, 2017 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Ryuho Kataoka(National Institute of Polar Research), Antti A Pulkkinen(NASA Goddard Space Flight Center), Kanya Kusano(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Kazuo Shiokawa(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University)

[PEM12-P01] Starspot activity and superflares on solar-type stars

*Hiroyuki Maehara1, Yuta Notsu2, Shota Notsu2, Kosuke Namekata2, Satoshi Honda3, Takako T. Ishii2, Daisaku Nogami2, Kazunari Shibata2 (1.National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, NINS, 2.Kyoto University, 3.University of Hyoto)

Keywords:flare, starspot

Recent space-based observations (e.g., Kepler mission) enable us to investigate the nature of “superflares” on solar-type stars (G-type main sequence stars). The bolometric energy of superflares ranges from 1033 erg to 1036 erg which is 10-104 times larger than that released by a typical X10 class solar flare. Most of the stars with superflares show large-amplitude photometric variations associated with the stellar rotation which suggest that the stars with superflares have large starspots. Spectroscopic studies of superflare stars revealed that the chromospheric activity correlates with the amplitude of brightness variations.

We analyze the correlation between starspots and superflares on solar-type stars using the data from the Kepler mission. Our analysis shows that the fraction of the stars showing superflares decreases as the rotation period increases and as the amplitude of photometric variations, which is thought to correlate with the area of starspots, decreases. We found that the fraction of superflare stars among the stars with large starspots also decreases as the rotation period increases. This suggests that some of the slowly-rotating stars with large starspots show a much lower flare activity than the superflare stars with the same spot area and rotation period.
Assuming simple relations between spot area and life time and between spot temperature and photospheric temperature, we compared the size distribution of large starspots with the area of >104 MSH (micro solar hemispheres; 1 MSH=3x1016 cm2) on slowly-rotating solar-type stars with that of sunspot groups. The size distribution of starspots shows the power-law distribution and that of larger sunspots lies on the same power-law line. The size distribution of spots from the Kepler data suggests that the average appearance frequency of the starspots with the area of >3x104 MSH on the solar-type stars with the rotation period similar to that of the Sun is once in a few hundred years.
We also found that the frequency-energy distributions for flares originating from spots with different sizes are the same for solar-type stars with superflares and the Sun. These results suggest that the magnetic activity on solar-type stars with superflares and that on the Sun is caused by the same physical processes.