JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM13] [EE] Exploring space plasma processes with Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission

Sat. May 20, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Hiroshi Hasegawa(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Thomas Earle Moore(NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr), Benoit Lavraud(IRAP), Seiji Zenitani(NAOJ National Astronomical Observatory of Japan)

[PEM13-P06] Electron crescent distributions as a manifestation of diamagnetic drift in an electron scale current sheet: Magnetospheric Multiscale observations using new 7.5 ms Fast Plasma Investigation moments

*Amy Catherine Rager1, John Dorelli2, Daniel J Gershman2,3, Jan Egedal4, Roy Torbert5, James L Burch6, Robert Ergun7, Levon A Avanov2,3, Conrad Schiff2, Barbara L Giles2, William R Paterson2, Craig J Pollock8, Robert Strangeway9, Christopher T Russell9, Benoit Lavraud10, Victoria Coffey11, Yoshifumi Saito12 (1.Catholic University of America, 2.NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 3.University of Maryland, 4.University of Wisconsin, 5.University of New Hampshire, 6.Southwest Research Institute, 7.University of Colorado Boulder, 8.Denali Scientific, 9.University of California, 10.Research Institute in Astrophysics and Planetology, 11.NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, 12.Institute for Space and Astronomical Science)

Keywords:diamagnetic drift, plasma moments, crescent distributions

We report Magnetospheric Multiscale spacecraft observations of electron pressure gradient electric fields near a magnetic reconnection diffusion region using a new technique for extracting 7.5 ms electron and 37.5 ms ion moments from the Fast Plasma Investigation (FPI) data. Comparing our results to previously reported 30 ms electron and 150 ms ion FPI moments (e.g., Burch et al. Science 2016, Torbert et al. GRL 2016), we find a significant improvement in the agreement between the FPI perpendicular electron bulk velocity and the ExB drift as measured by the Electric Field Double Probes (EDP) and Flux Gate Magnetometer (FGM) instruments (averaged to the FPI data). While the 7.5 ms moments recover significant additional structure in the electron bulk velocity, no significant additional structure is observed in the 7.5 ms electron parallel or perpendicular pressure. The violation of the electron frozen flux constraint in the vicinity of the stagnation point (where electron crescent shaped velocity distributions have been previously reported by Burch et al. Science 2016) can be explained largely by the gradient of the perpendicular electron pressure perpendicular to the magnetic field. These results suggest that the electron crescent distributions are a manifestation of the electron diamagnetic drift and do not in themselves contribute to the dissipation of magnetic energy.