JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM14] [EE] Dynamics in magnetosphere and ionosphere

Sun. May 21, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 105 (International Conference Hall 1F)

convener:Tomoaki Hori(Graduate school of Science, University of Tokyo), Yoshimasa Tanaka(National Institute of Polar Research), Aoi Nakamizo(Applied Electromagnetic Research Institute, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology), Mitsunori Ozaki(Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Institute of Science and Engineering, Kanazawa University), Chairperson:Atsuki Shinbori(ISEE, Nagoya Univ.), Chairperson:Shin'ya Nakano(The Institute of Statistical Mathematics), Chairperson:Shin-ichiro Oyama(ISEE, Nagoya Univ.)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[PEM14-22] Simultaneous observation of auroral substorm onset in Polar satellite global images and ground-based all-sky images

*Akimasa Ieda1, Kirsti Kauristie2, Yukitoshi Nishimura3, Yukinaga Miyashita1, Shinobu Machida1, Yoshizumi Miyoshi1, George K. Parks4, Matthew O. Fillingim4, Kawashima Takahiro1, Miura Tsubasa1 (1.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University, 2.Finnish Meteorological Institute, 3.University of California, Los Angeles, 4.University of California, Berkeley)

Keywords:substorm, auroral breakup, aurora, global image, all-sky image

Substorm onsets have originally been defined as longitudinally extended sudden auroral brightening ("Akasofu initial brightening") followed a few minutes later by auroral poleward expansion in ground-based all-sky images. In satellite global images, in contrast, such a clearly marked two-stage development has not been observed, and instead substorms have often appeared to start in a localized area. To resolve these differences, optical substorm onset signatures in global images and all-sky images were compared for a substorm that occurred on 7 December 1999. We have used the Polar satellite ultraviolet global images with a fixed filter (170 nm), enabling a high time resolution (37 s), and have used the 20 s resolution green line (557.7 nm) all-sky images at Muonio in Finland for comparison.

We first identified the substorm onset brightening at 2127:49 UT in the global images and then searched for corresponding signatures in the all-sky images. The Akasofu initial brightening (2124:50 UT) and the poleward expansion (2127:50 UT) were observed in the all-sky images, indicating that the onset in global images was not simultaneous with the actual onset but rather with the poleward expansion in the all-sky images. The Akasofu initial brightening was not observed in the global images, which may possibly be attributed to the limited sensitivity of global images for thin auroral arc brightenings. This result suggests that substorm onset identified in global images does not necessarily represent the Akasofu substorm onset, but rather corresponds to the poleward expansion a few minutes later.