JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM15] [EE] Study of coupling processes in solar-terrestrial system

Thu. May 25, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A03 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Mamoru Yamamoto(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Yasunobu Ogawa(National Institute of Polar Research), Satonori Nozawa(Institute for Space-Earth Environment Research), Akimasa Yoshikawa(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University), Chairperson:Mamoru Yamamoto(Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University), Chairperson:Yasunobu Ogawa(National Institute of Polar Research)

9:01 AM - 9:16 AM

[PEM15-01] Study of the Coupled Solar-Earth System with Large Atmospheric Radars,
Ground-based Observation Network and Satellite Data: Project Overview

*Toshitaka Tsuda1, Mamoru Yamamoto1, Hiroyuki Hashiguchi1, Hiroshi Miyaoka2, Yasunobu Ogawa2, Kazuo Shiokawa3, Satonori Nozawa3, Akimasa Yoshikawa4 (1.Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere (RISH), Kyoto University, 2.National Institute of Polar Research (NIPR), 3.ISEE, Nagoya University , 4.ICSWSE, Kyushu University)

Keywords:Atmospheric radar , Solar-terrestrial coupling processes , ground-based observation network , IUGONET

The solar energy can mainly be divided into two categories: the solar radiation and the solar wind. The former maximizes at the equator, generating various disturbances over a wide height range and causing vertical coupling processes of the atmosphere between the troposphere and middle and upper atmospheres by upward propagating atmospheric waves. The energy and material flows that occur in all height regions of the equatorial atmosphere are named as “Equatorial Fountain.” These processes from the bottom also cause various space weather effects, such as satellite communication and GNSS positioning. While, the electromagnetic energy and high-energy plasma particles in the solar wind converge into the polar region through geomagnetic fields. These energy/particle inflow results in auroral Joule heating and ion drag of the atmosphere particularly during geomagnetic storms and substorms. The ion outflow from the polar ionosphere controls ambient plasma constituents in the magnetosphere and may cause long-term variation of the atmosphere.
We promote to clarify these coupling processes in the solar-terrestrial system from the bottom and from above through high-resolution observations at key latitudes in the equator and in the polar region. We propose to establish a large radar with active phased array antenna, called the Equatorial Middle and Upper atmosphere radar, in west Sumatra, Indonesia. We will also participate in construction of the EISCAT_3D radar in northern Scandinavia. These radars will enhance the existing international radar network. We will also employ a data collected with a global observation network of ground-based radio and optical remote sensing measurements as well as novel satellite measurements.