JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM18] [EE] Origin of Earth-affecting Coronal Mass Ejections

Thu. May 25, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A01 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:No? Lugaz(University of New Hampshire Main Campus), Kanya Kusano(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Neel P Savani(NASA GSFC / University of Maryland Baltimore County), Ayumi Asai(Astronomical Observatory, Kyoto University), Chairperson:Ayumi Asai(Astronomical Observatory, Kyoto University), Chairperson:Noe Lugaz(University of New Hampshire)

10:45 AM - 11:08 AM

[PEM18-01] Earth-Affecting CMEs and Associated Geomagnetic Storms

★Invited papers

*Yuming Wang1, Chenglong Shen1, Yutian Chi1 (1.University of Science and Technology of China)

Keywords:coronal mass ejections, geomagnetic storms, space weather

Initially Earth-directed coronal mass ejections (CMEs), which usually look like a halo from the Earth, are believed to be the most probable candidates of Earth-affecting CMEs. However, not all of initially Earth-directed CMEs can encounter the Earth, and moreover, not all of Earth-encountered CMEs can cause a geomagnetic storm. In this talk, starting from a sample of full halo CMEs during 1997 March – 2012 May, we show that (1) even for full halo CMEs, they were not necessary to propagate along the Sun-Earth line; the deviation angle could be larger than 45 degrees, (2) the apparent speed observed in a coronagraph may differ largely from the true value for the CMEs propagating within 45 degrees of the Sun-Earth line and slower than 900 km/s, (3) the deflection and interaction of CMEs in interplanetary space may further influence the possibility of a CME encountering the Earth as well as their Earth-arrival time. Further, by investigating the ICMEs and Dst index from 1995 to 2015, we show the statistical properties of these Earth-encountered CMEs and their capability in causing geomagnetic storms. Although isolated CMEs are the major source of geomagnetic storms, shock-CME interacting structures demonstrate an increasing role in causing stronger geomagnetic storms.