JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-EM Solar-Terrestrial Sciences, Space Electromagnetism & Space Environment

[P-EM21] [JJ] Space Plasma Physics: Theory and Simulation

Wed. May 24, 2017 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A01 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Takayuki Umeda(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Yasuhiro Nariyuki(Faculty of Human Development, University of Toyama), Yohei Miyake(Education Center on Computational Science and Engineering, Kobe University), Tadas Nakamura(Fukui Prefectural University), Chairperson:Takayuki Umeda(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Chairperson:Yasuhiro Nariyuki(Faculty of Human Development, University of Toyama)

4:15 PM - 4:30 PM

[PEM21-04] Propertime Path Integral for Relativistic Diffusion

*Tadas Nakamura1 (1.Fukui Prefectural University)

Keywords:Relativistic Diffusion, Path Integral, Proper time

It is well known that there exist infinite speed components in a solution of a simple diffusion equation with the first order time derivative. This does not cause serious problems if that part is small enough in non-relativistic regime, however, it may cause spurious growing solution in relativity. The reason is that propagation faster than the speed of light means backward propagation in time in some reference frame, and time reversal diffusion equations may have growing component.

This difficulty is inevitable for equations with first order time derivative, and hence, equations with second order have been proposed by Israel and Stewart (1970) for relativistic thermodynamics. Theories in this line are called "causal thermodynamics" and have been extensively studied since then. Second or higher order time derivative can make the propagation speed under a certain finite value to avoid the non-causal propagation. However, these higher order terms are not based on some physical reasoning of underlying mechanism; they are mathematical device to avoid infinite speed. Solutions of these equations do not violate causality, but it does not mean they are physically reasonable. For example, when we apply the theory of Israel and Stewart to thermal diffusion, we obtain so called telegraph equation. A telegraph equation is reduced to wave equation in high speed (highly relativistic) limit; it does not violate causality but wave equation does not represent diffusion.

A method proposed here is to solve the evolution of the particle distribution function, which is defined on the spacetime (x,t), along the proper time. The evolution cannot be formulated in the form of diffusion equation along propertime because the direction of time is forward only. To avoid this problem the method of path integrals with the constraint of energy shell is introduced in the present study.