11:15 AM - 11:30 AM
[PPS02-09] Size Frequency Distributions of Jupiter Trojans, Hildas and Main Belt Asteroids
Keywords:Jupiter Trojans, Hildas, survey observation, size distribution
We think that the size-frequency distribution (SFD) is a good probe to investigate such dynamical/collisional evolutions mentioned above. Many people have believed that the SFD of each of the small body groups contains signatures of the accretional and collisional evolutions depending on the origin, dynamical evolution, and body properties. Therefore the detailed study of the SFD (e.g. shape, knee, dip etc.) identifies the dynamical/collisional evolutions that each group has experienced in its proper history. It will enable us to identify the origin of each group, and specify a relation among the groups that have currently different characteristics at different locations in the solar system.
In this study, we examined the SFDs of the JTs and Hilda group by using the 8.2-m Subaru telescope equipped with the wide-field CCD camera: Hyper Suprime-Cam. We detected more than seven hundred of km-size JT/Hilda asteroids. Our survey is the deepest survey for JTs and Hildas so far. We noticed that the SFDs of JTs and Hildas in the size range obtained from our survey have almost the same shape (Figure 1). The best-fit power law slope of JT's SFD is b=1.84+/-0.05 in N(>D)∝D-b. Meanwhile that of Hilda's SFD is b=1.89+/-0.12. Since the size of our detected JTs and Hildas are small (D<10km), it is reasonable to regard as they are all collisional fragments. This fact that in the both of JT and Hilda groups the collisional fragments have similar collisional parameters may indicate that they have similar composition and internal structure. We compared the SFD of JTs (Figure 2) with that of the main belt asteroids (MBAs) and then confirmed that the SFD of inner MBAs and middle MBAs show the different SFD from JT's one. However, we notice that the SFD of outer MBAs show similar characteristic with JTs.