[PPS02-P20] Detectability Performance of Thermal Infrared Imager TIR on Hayabusa2
Keywords:asteroid exploration, Hayabusa2, Thermo-physical property, thermal infrared imager, thermal inertia
TIR has been checked in flight by observations of the deep sky as backgrounds, and of the Earth and the Moon as known targets during the Earth swing-by operation campaign. The first and longest distance observation of the Earth and the Moon was carried out on 14 October 2015, at about 2 x 107 km from the Earth. There were opportunities that TIR observed the Earth and the moon 7 times before and 18 times after the Earth Swing-by on 3 December 2015. During that period, the distance changed by two orders of magnitude, and the distance dependency of TIR response is now derived for the thermal brightness of the Earth and the Moon. The dependency is inversely proportional to the square of distance, for the diameter of the Moon corresponding to 0.2 to 6 pixels of TIR images. From this trend, the detection limit (> 10 DN for the target body) is at about 1.5 x 108 km for the Moon .
This result indicates the possible detection of unknown asteroids closely passing by the Hayabusa2 spacecraft. For the 100 m sized asteroid of C-type (its geometric albedo ~ 0.05), the detection limit (> 10 DN) is estimated about 2 x 103 km from the spacecraft. During April to June in 2017, Hayabusa2 will be around the L5 point of the sun-earth Lagrange point, gravitationally meta-stable point, so that unknown small bodies may be detected if they pass within such a distance. Before arrival at asteroid Ryugu which is of rounded shape and with diameter of 0.88 km, it will be detected at 1.5 x 104 km distance. Ryugu will be investigated during the approach phase and its light-curve of brightness temperature will be investigated before arrival. Around Ryugu, TIR is estimated to detect small moons encircling Ryugu at Home Position (20 km from the target asteroid) if they have diameter larger than 1 m, and their orbits are traced by continual imags taken with TIR.
The authors appreciate Hayabusa2 Project team for their continuous support. This research is partly supported by the Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B), No. 26287108, of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.
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