JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS03] [EE] Regolith Science

Tue. May 23, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 103 (International Conference Hall 1F)

convener:Koji Wada(Planetary Exploration Research Center, Chiba Institute of Technology), Patrick Michel(University Cote d'Azur, Cote d'Azur Observatory, CNRS), Akiko Nakamura(Graduate School of Science, Kobe University), Kevin John Walsh(Southwest Research Institute), Chairperson:Kevin Walsh(Southwest Research Institute)

11:00 AM - 11:15 AM

[PPS03-12] Planetary Regolith in Vacuum: Thermal Conductivity Models, Thermal Inertia.
Uncertainties and Possible Ways of Improvement

*Jens Biele1, Matthias Grott2, Naoya Sakatani3, Kazunori Ogawa4 (1.German Aerospace Center, DLR RB MSC, 51147 Cologne, Germany, 2.German Aerospace Center, DLR PF, 12489 Berlin, Germany, 3.Department of Physics, School of Science and Technology, Meiji University, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 214 8571, Japan, 4.Department of Planetology, Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, Kobe, Hyogo 657 8501, Japan)

Keywords:Regolith, thermal conductivity, thermal inertia, models

We analyse current models of thermal conductivity for planetary regoliths under vacuum conditions and compare two recent models of thermal conductivity (the Gundlach&Blum[1] and the Sakatani&Ogawa[2] model) to discuss trends in observed parameters for solid and radiative conduction. Potential extensions and improvements of the models in terms of a different treatment of the radiative conduction term will be presented. Furthermore, we correlate thermal skin depth vs. grain size and explore the limits of applicability of using thermal inertia to estimate the "typical" grain size of granular material. The most important issue related to the application of current thermal conductivity models to remote sensing data is how well we can constrain the unknown material parameters like grain thermal conductivity, contact area, surface energy, surface roughness, and shape. Further uncertainties involve the temperature-dependence of thermal inertia and we conclude that detailed analysis of remote sensing data will likely require abandoning the concept of a fixed thermal inertia and analyzing the relevant quantities like heat capacity and thermal conductivity directly.

[1] Gundlach, B. and J. Blum (2012). "Outgassing of icy bodies in the Solar System – II: Heat transport in dry, porous surface dust layers." Icarus 219(2): 618-629, Gundlach, B. and J. Blum (2013). "A new method to determine the grain size of planetary regolith." Icarus 223(1): 479-492.

[2] Sakatani, N., K. Ogawa, Y.-i. Iijima, M. Arakawa and S. Tanaka (2016). "Compressional stress effect on thermal conductivity of powdered materials: Measurements and their implication to lunar regolith." Icarus. 267: 1-11, Sakatani, N., K. Ogawa, Y. Iijima, M. Arakawa, R. Honda and S. Tanaka (2017). "Thermal conductivity model for powdered materials under vacuum based on experimental studies." AIP Advances 7(1): 015310.