JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS05] [EJ] Mars and Mars system: results from a broad spectrum of Mars studies and aspects for future missions

Sat. May 20, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM Convention Hall A (International Conference Hall 2F)

convener:Hideaki Miyamoto(University of Tokyo), Tomohiro Usui(Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology ), Ayako Matsuoka(Research Division for Space Plasma, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Sushil K Atreya(University of Michigan Ann Arbor), Chairperson:Sushil Atreya(University of Michigan Ann Arbor), Chairperson:Ayako Matsuoka(Research Division for Space Plasma, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency)

10:45 AM - 11:00 AM

[PPS05-01] Statistical Similarities between WSA-ENLIL+Cone model and MAVEN in situ observations from November 2014 to March 2016

*Christy Lynn Lentz1, D. N. Baker1, A. N. Jaynes1, R. M. Dewey4, D. A. Brain1, M. L. Mays3,2, C. O. Lee5, J. S Halekas6 (1.Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, 2.Catholic University of America, 3.NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 4.Department of Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering, University of Michigan, 5.Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, 6.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa)

Keywords:CMEs, Mars, WSA-ENLIL+Cone

Normal solar wind flows and intense solar transient events interact directly with the upper Martian atmosphere due to the absence of an intrinsic planetary magnetic field. Since the launch of the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) mission, there is now a means to directly observe solar wind parameters at the planet’s orbital location for limited time spans. Due to the craft’s highly elliptical orbit, in situ measurements cannot be taken while MAVEN is inside Mars’ magnetosheath. In an attempt to model solar wind conditions during these atmospheric and magnetospheric passages, this research project utilizes the solar wind forecasting capabilities of the Wang-Sheeley-Arge-ENLIL+Cone (WEC) model. These sets of tools are maintained at the Community Coordinated Modeling Center (CCMC). In this study, the model has simulated solar wind parameters such as plasma pressure, temperature, particle density, velocity and magnetic field properties during the time period from late 2014 to March of 2016, with an additional detailed simulation during December 2015 to March 2016. The accuracy of the model was examined for intervals when MAVEN was considered to be in upstream solar wind, i.e., with no exospheric or magnetospheric phenomena altering the in situ measurements. It was determined that the WEC model has the capability to provide statistically similar baseline values for continuous solar wind knowledge. These baseline values can be further improved upon in accuracy when smaller time scales (e.g. 1-2 Carrington rotations) are analyzed. Generally, this study aims to provide a larger context of solar wind driving during gaps in the in situ measurements.