JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EJ] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS06] [EJ] Results of Venus science with Akatsuki in orbit for 1.5 year

Sat. May 20, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM Convention Hall B (International Conference Hall 2F)

convener:Takehiko Satoh(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Takeshi Horinouchi(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Masaru Yamamoto(Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University), Kevin McGouldrick(University of Colorado Boulder), Chairperson:Takehiko Satoh(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency)

9:40 AM - 9:55 AM

[PPS06-03] Temporal Evolution of the Venusian Atmospheric Superrotation Measured in the Venus Express Venus Monitoring Camera Data

Ryan M. McCabe1, *Kunio M. Sayanagi1, John J. Blalock1, Jacob L. Gunnarson2, Kevin McGouldrick3, Candace L. Gray4, Javier Peralta5, Yeon-Joo Lee5, Takeshi Imamura6 (1.Hampton University, 2.College of William and Mary, 3.University of Coloardo, Boulder, 4.New Mexico State University / Apache Point Observatory, 5.Institute of Space and Astronautical Sciences / JAXA, 6.University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Venus, Venus Express, Wind Measurements

We present wind measurements of Venus using images captured between 2006 and 2014 using the ultraviolet filter of the Venus Monitoring Camera (VMC) onboard the Venus Express (VEx) spacecraft. We have developed a method to automatically match image pairs suitable for tracking cloud features to perform wind measurements using the Correlation Imaging Velocimetry (CIV) method. Our automated pair matching algorithm identified ~35,000 usable images captured during the ~2300 orbits around Venus, in which we found approximately 350,000 usable image pairs (i.e., each of the images could be paired with 10 other images on average). To date, we have analyzed ~10% of these image pairs, and computed 55 million wind vectors.

Our measurements so far have enabled us to analyze orbit-by-orbit changes in the zonal wind speeds in the southern hemisphere of Venus. We do not analyze the northern hemisphere because the VMC images do not provide consistent spatial coverage in the north. Our preliminary analysis reveals temporal evolution in the superrotation speed on Venus that shows that the wind speed fluctuated by 20 m/s between 2006 and 2014. Our result so far is comparable to the changes detected by Khatuntsev et al. (2013) and Kouyama et al. (2013) using VMC images, and Hueso et al. (2015) using VIRTIS data. Our study extends these results to detect temporal change in the wind over shorter timescales, and aims to link those changes to any transient event that may have affected the dynamics.