JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS07] [JJ] Planetary Sciences

Wed. May 24, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A04 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Shunichi Kamata(Creative Research Institution, Hokkaido University), Takaya Okamoto(Planetary Exploration Research Center, Chiba Institute of Technology), Chairperson:Tetsuo Taki(National Astronomical Observatory of Japan), Chairperson:Takaya Okamoto(Planetary Exploration Research Center, Chiba Institute of Technology)

2:00 PM - 2:15 PM

[PPS07-07] Heating inside a highly-porous dust aggregate

*Sin-iti Sirono1 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Nagoya University)

Keywords:dust aggregate, heating, sintering

At the beginning of planetary formation, highly porous dust aggregates are formed. Outside the snowline, the main component of an aggregate is H2O ice. Because H2O ice is formed as amorphous ice, its thermal conductivity is small. Thermal conductivity of icy dust aggregate is small accordingly. Then it is possible to heat up inside an aggregate due to decay of radionuclides contained in silicate cores of dust grains. It is shown that the temperature increases substantially inside an aggregate, leading to crystallization of amorphous ice. During the crystallization, temperature further increases enough to proceed sintering. The mechanical properties of icy dust aggregates can change greatly, and collisional evolution of dust aggregate is affected by sintering. The latent heat of crystallization depends on chemical composition of ice. The maximum temperature depends on the composition accordingly. If the amount of impurities is large, heating by crystallization is suppressed.