4:00 PM - 4:15 PM
[PPS07-14] Satellite formation via pebble accretion in circumplanetary disks
Keywords:Satellite, Pebble accretion, Protosatellite, Circumplanetary disk, Galilean satellites, Type I migration
Recently, a new planetary formation model called "pebble accretion" has been attracted attention. In this model, several protoplanets accrete a lot of cm-sized dust particles (called "pebbles") drifted from the outer region of the protoplanetary disk and grow rapidly to planets.
In this work, we applied this "pebble accretion" model to satellite formation. We calculated the growths of the protosatellites accreting the dust particles growing and drifting in the circumplanetary disk. Figure 1 represents the growths of the protosatellites on the fore fixed current Galilean satellites’ orbits when the gas inflow mass flux is 0.14MJ/Myr and the strength of turbulence in the viscous accretion disk is α=10-4. We found that there is a possibility that the protosatellites can grow to the planets with the mass of the Galilean satellites, 1023 kg, within 105-107 years even in the case with that the dust-to-gas mass inflow flux ratio is 0.01. Figure 2 represents the timescales of the growths of the protosatellites and the inward drifts by Type I migration. Our estimate suggested that the protosatellites drift to Jupiter by the Type I migration because the growth timescales become longer than the drift timescales when their mass reach 1021 kg.
We used a simple model assuming steady states in these estimates. We will discuss the satellite formation in unsteady states, in other words, the evolutions of the circumplanetary disk and the orbits of the protoplanets in our talk.