JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS07] [JJ] Planetary Sciences

Thu. May 25, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Shunichi Kamata(Creative Research Institution, Hokkaido University), Takaya Okamoto(Planetary Exploration Research Center, Chiba Institute of Technology)

[PPS07-P02] Period characteristics of Mercury's external magnetic field from MESSENGER magnetometer observation

*Takaaki Katsura1, Hiroaki TOH2 (1.Solar-Planetary Electromagnetism Laboratory, Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 2.Data Analysis Center for Geomagnetism and Space Magnetism Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University)

Keywords:Mercury, MESSENGER, Magnetopause

MESSENGER(MErcury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry, and Randing) is the first probe launched into Mercury centric orbit and has been observed electromagnetic circumstances including magnetic field over about four years since 2011.From this data the average shape and location of Mercury’s magnetopause and bow shock have determined (Winslow et al., 2013).Furthermore, from the studies of magnetic fields induced at the top of Mercury’s core by time-varying magnetospheric fields, the radius of Mercury’s core is determined (Johnson et al., 2016).

At present, however for the period of external magnetic variations, annual variation due to Mercury’s high orbital eccentricity alone is considered. In general more precision information about conductivity structure of planetary bodies e.g. separation of the thickness and conductivity of spherical body (or shell) would be expected to be given by multi-frequency sounding. Accordingly we forcus on subsolar distance as an index of the time variation of Mercury's external magnetic field in order to estimate the period characteristics of external field. Since magnetopause is determined by the balance between planetary intrinsic magnetic field and solar wind, subsolar distance is able to be regarded as an index of the variation of external magnetic field.

We identify the location of Mercury's magnetopause from vector magnetic field data by MESSENGER observation in fifteen Mercury years and study the period characteristics of Mercury's external magnetic field by converting the data of magnetopause into that of subsolar distance and analyzing the time-variation of them, and report the result.