JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS07] [JJ] Planetary Sciences

Thu. May 25, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Shunichi Kamata(Creative Research Institution, Hokkaido University), Takaya Okamoto(Planetary Exploration Research Center, Chiba Institute of Technology)

[PPS07-P20] Performance report of solar wind ion irradiation equipment

*Yusuke Nakauchi1, Toru Matsumoto2, Masanao Abe2,1, Akira Tsuchiyama3, Aki Takigawa3,5, Naoki Watanabe4, Yuma Asada3 (1.The Graduate University for Advanced Studies, 2.The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3.Kyoto University, 4.The Hakubi Center for Advanced Research, Kyoto University, 5.Hokkaido University)

Keywords:solar wind, space weathering

For understanding the evolution of the solar system, the material distribution in the early solar system is important. Meteorites provide large information on materials of the solar system, but they do not retain direct evidences for which parent body each meteorite came from.
The comparison between reflectance spectra of asteroids and meteorites suggest that the origins of almost all meteorites are asteroids. However, there are clear differences between reflectance spectra of asteroids and meteorites [references], which may be due to the space weathering on the surfaces of the asteroids. Recent studies proposed the importance of the influence of the solar wind implantation on the asteroidal surfaces in the near-Earth orbit [e.g. 1, 2]. Solar wind is composed of ~95% hydrogen, ~4% helium and other atoms [3]. However, space-weathering effects by low energy proton and helium ions consisting of the solar wind have not been understood well. In this study, we established ion beam irradiation equipment in ISAS/JAXA. This equipment is composed of an ion gun, main chamber (ion irradiation room), load lock chamber (sample preparation and FTIR measurement room), and FTIR. We can select ions with a specific mass and valence using the electric and magnetic fields. The maximum acceleration energy of ions is 5 keV. The reflection spectra of the irradiated samples can be measured without exposing the sample to the atmosphere. The optical path of FTIR can be purged with nitrogen. Therefore, the FTIR spectra of irradiated samples are obtained with minimized influences of adsorbed water and atmospheric fluctuations. In this presentation, we report the performance (e.g. beam current, beam shape) of ion beam irradiation equipment.

[1] C.M. Pieters et al., Science, 326(5952):568–572, 2009.
[2] T. Noguchi et al., MPS, 49(2):188–214, 2014.
[3] J.T. Gosling, Encyclopedia of the Solar System (Second Edition), pages 99 – 116, 2007.