JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS07] [JJ] Planetary Sciences

Thu. May 25, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Shunichi Kamata(Creative Research Institution, Hokkaido University), Takaya Okamoto(Planetary Exploration Research Center, Chiba Institute of Technology)

[PPS07-P23] Equilibrium chemical structure of extrasolar gas giant planets with various elemental abundance and temperature profiles

*Shota Notsu1, Hideko Nomura2, Catherine Walsh3, Christian Eistrup4 (1.Department of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 2.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 3.School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, UK, 4.Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, The Netherlands)

Keywords:Extrasolar planet, Gas planetary atmosphere, Chemical equilibrium, C/O ratio, Snowline, Protoplanetary Disk

It is thought that difference in snowlines of oxygen- and carbon-bearing molecules, such as H2O, CO, HCN, CO2, will result in systematic variations in the C/O ratio both in the gas and ice. In addition, the C/O ratio of atomosphere of some exoplanets (e.g., Hot Jupiter) were measured by recent studies (e.g, Madhusudhan et al. 2011). Therefore, the planet forming regions could be confined through comparing the radial distributions of C/O ratio in disks and those of planetary atmospheres (e.g., Oberg et al. 2011, Eistrup et al. 2016).

In previous studies, We have calculated the chemical composition and the molecular line profiles in various protoplanetary disks, and have identified candidate molecular lines ranging from infrared to sub-millimeter wavelengths to locate the position of snowlines and C/O ratio distributions through future spectroscopic observations (e.g., Notsu et al. 2016, ApJ, 827, 113; 2017, ApJ, 836, 118).

In this study, first we calculated the physical structure of irradiated extrasolar gas giant planets using the analytic radiative equilibrium model in Guillot et al. (2010, A&A, 520, A27). Then, we calculated the chemical structure on equilibrium state of the gas giant planets. In these chemical calculations, we adopted various values of the distance from the central star, and elemental abundance (e.g., C, O, N), in order to investigate the relations between chemical structure of planetary atmospheres and their formation conditions in protoplanetary disks.

We found that as the values of temperatures in planetary atmosphere become smaller, the abundance of CH4 become higher. In addition, as the values of C/O ratio become larger than the solar value, the abundance of CH4 and HCN become higher in the lower atmospheres. In our talk, we will introduce the present calculational results, and will briefly comment the relations between the calculational results and recent observations.