JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS08] [JJ] Lunar science and exploration

Sat. May 20, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 102 (International Conference Hall 1F)

convener:Hiroshi Nagaoka(Waseda Univ.), Tomokatsu Morota(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Masaki N Nishino(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Chikatoshi Honda(The University of Aizu), Chairperson:Atsushi Kumamoto(Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Chairperson:Shoichiro Yokota(Japan Earospace Exploration Agency Institute of Space and Astronautical Science)

9:45 AM - 10:00 AM

[PPS08-04] KAGUYA observation of terrestrial oxygen transported to the Moon

★Invited papers

*Kentaro Terada1, Shoichiro Yokota2, Yoshifumi Saito2, Naritoshi Kitamura2, Kazushi Asamura2, Masaki N Nishino3 (1.Department of Earth and Space Science, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, 2.Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3.Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University)

Keywords:The Earth-Moon system , KAGUYA (SELENE), Oxygen, Magnetosphere, Solar Wind, Earth Wind

Oxygen, the most abundant element of Earth and Moon, is a key element to understand the various processes in the Solar system, since it behaves not only as gaseous phase but also as the solid phase (silicates). Here, we report observations from the Japanese spacecraft Kaguya of significant 1-10 keV O+ ions only when the Moon was in the Earth’s plasma sheet. Considering the valence and energy of observed ions, we conclude that terrestrial oxygen has been transported to the Moon from the Earth’s upper atmosphere (at least 2.6 x 104 ions cm-2 sec-1). This new finding could be a clue to understand the complicated fractionation of oxygen isotopic composition of the very surface of lunar regolith (particularly the provenance of a 16O-poor component), which has been a big issue in the Earth and Planetary science.