JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

P (Space and Planetary Sciences) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS08] [JJ] Lunar science and exploration

Sat. May 20, 2017 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 102 (International Conference Hall 1F)

convener:Hiroshi Nagaoka(Waseda Univ.), Tomokatsu Morota(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Masaki N Nishino(Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya University), Chikatoshi Honda(The University of Aizu), Chairperson:Atsushi Kumamoto(Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University), Chairperson:Shoichiro Yokota(Japan Earospace Exploration Agency Institute of Space and Astronautical Science)

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[PPS08-05] 10-year summary of the studies based on global subsurface radar sounding of the Moon by SELENE (Kaguya) Lunar Radar Sounder (LRS)

*Atsushi Kumamoto1, Yasushi Yamaguchi2, Atsushi Yamaji3, Takao Kobayashi4, Shoko Oshigami5, Ken Ishiyama6, Norihiro Nakamura7, Yoshitaka Goto8, Junichi Haruyama6 (1.Department of Geophysics, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 2.Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Graduate School of Environment Studies, Nagoya University, 3.Division of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, 4.Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, 5.Kogakuin University, 6.Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 7.Institute for Excellence in Higher Education, 8.School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Kanazawa University)

Keywords:SELENE, LRS, Lunar volcanic activity

The Lunar Radar Sounder (LRS) onboard the SELENE (Kaguya) spacecraft successfully performed subsurface radar sounding of the Moon and passive observations of natural radio and plasma waves from the lunar orbit. The operation of LRS started on October 29, 2007. Until the end of the operation on June 10, 2009, 2363 hours worth of radar sounder data and 8961 hours worth of natural radio and plasma wave data were obtained [Ono et al., 2010]. We found subsurface regolith layers at depths of several hundred meters, which were interbedded between lava flow layers in the nearside maria. [Ono et al., 2009]. Using the measured depths and structures of the buried regolith layers, we could determine several key parameters on tectonics, surface layer evolution, and volcanism in the maria: Base on the determined parameters such as the formation age of the ridges, effective permittivity of the uppermost basalt layers, and the lava flow volumes in the nearside maria, we made the following suggestions: (1) Global cooling, which forms ridges in southern Serenitatis, became dominant after 2.84 Ga. [Ono et al., 2009], (2) The porosity of the uppermost basalt layer in Mare Humorum was estimated to be 19-51%, much more than the average of Apollo rock samples (7%) [Ishiyama et al., 2013], and (3) The average eruption rate of the lava flow in the nearside maria was 10-3 km-3/yr. at 3.8 Ga and decrease to 10-4 km-3/yr at 3.3 Ga [Oshigami et al., 2014]. Thanks to the high downlink rate from the SELENE/LRS (0.5 Mbps), we could obtain almost raw (simply pulsecompressed) waveform data from the lunar subsurface radar sounding. Using this dataset, synthetic aperture radar (SAR) processing was applied with trying several permittivity models in the analyses on the ground [Kobayashi et al., 2012]. This dataset is provided via SELENE Data Archive ( Even after the SELENE operation ended, subsurface explorations of the Moon were carried on by several missions such as GLAIL and Chang'E-3. Detailed comparisons among subsurface datasets with different scale and different coverage will be important in future studies.